Its species are native to the Americas, where they have been cultivated for thousands of years.
Peppers are highly nutritious. They have more Vitamin C than an orange, and a typical bell pepper contains more than 100% of the daily recommended value for Vitamin C. They also have relatively high amounts of Vitamin B6.
Dried pepper fruit has a much different nutritional value due to the dehydration and concentration of vitamins and minerals.
Pepper is predicted to have 34,903 genes, approximately the same number as both tomato and potato, two related species within the Solanaceae family
Ideal growing conditions for peppers include a sunny position with warm, loamy soil, ideally 21 to 29 °C (70 to 84 °F), that is moist but not waterlogged. Extremely moist soils can cause seedlings to “damp-off” and reduce germination.
Damping off (or damping-off) is a horticultural disease or condition, caused by a number of different pathogens that kill or weaken seeds or seedlings before or after they germinate. It is most prevalent in wet and cool conditions.
To reduce survival of the pathogens, remove and discard diseased plants, and sterilize containers to remove dust, planting medium, and soil particles in which spores can survive.
Maintaining drier conditions with better air circulation helps prevent the spread of the disease, although it can also prevent or slow down germination.
Spraying or drenching the soil with a recommended anti-fungal treatment (such as copper oxychloride) also helps suppress the disease.
Agro Commodity and Market Information:
The current wholesale price of pepper 50 kg from 3 different markets as at 23/01/2018.
Minna Market Niger
Bell Pepper Fresh – N8,200
Bell Pepper Dry – N25,500
Fresh Pepper – N3,800
Garki Market Abuja
Bell Pepper – N7,000
Rodo – N7,500
Isibori Market Cross River
Fresh Pepper – N8,000.
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